February - April
3 ... Generall Monke came now to Lond: out of Scotland, but no man knew what he would do, or declare, yet was he mett on all his way by the Gent: of all the Counties which he pass'd, with petitions that he would recall the old long interrupted Parliament, & settle the Nation in some order, being at this time in a most prodigious Confusion, & under no government, every body expecting what would be next, & what he would do ...
5 ... Now were the Gates of the Citty broken-downe by Gen: Monke, which exceedingly exasperated the Citty; the Souldiers marching up and downe as triumphing over it, and all the old Army of the phanatics put out of their posts, & sent out of Towne.
11 I visited Mr. Boyle, where I met the Earle of Corke. A signal day: Monk perceiving how infamous & wretched a pack of knaves would have still usurped the Supreame power, & having intelligence that they intended to take away his commission, repenting of what he had don to the Citty, & where he & his forces quarterd; Marches to White hall, dissipates that nest of robbers, & convenes the old Parliament, the rump-parliament (so cal'd as retaining some few rotten members of the other) being dissolved; and for joy whereoff, were many thousands of rumps, roasted publiquely in the Streetes at the Bonfires this night, with ringing of bells, & universal jubilee: this was the first good omen.
12 Mr. Gunning made an admirable sermon on the effects of Gods chastisements, & gracious returnes on 94. Psal: from v. 8 ad 15. I received the B: Sacrament. Afternoone Mr. Chamberlaine on 18. Ezek ult. 17: I fell sick, & that very dangerously of a malignant feavor: From Feb: 17th to the 5th of Aprill I was detained in Bed, with a kind of double Tertian, the cruell effects of the Spleene & other distempers, in that extremity, that my Physitians Dr. Wetherborn, Needham, Claud, were in greate doubt of my recovery, & in truth I was brought very low; but it pleased God to deliver me also out of this affliction, for which I render him hearty thanks...
During this Sicknesse came innumerable of my Relations & friends to visite me, and it retarded my going into the Country longer than I intended: however I writ, and printed a letter in defence of his Majestie against a wicked forged paper, pretended to be sent from Bruxells1, to defame his Majesties person, Virtues, & render him odious, now when every body were in hopes & expectation of the Gen: & Parliaments recalling him, & <e>stablishing the Government on its antient and right basis: In doing which towards the decline of my sicknesse, & setting-up long in my bed, had caused a small relapse, out of which it pleased God also to free mee, so as by the 14th I was able to go into the Country, which the Physitians advised me to, which I accordingly did to my Sweete & native air at Wotton.
20: I received there the B: Sacrament being good friday, in the house, by reason of my Indisposition, officiating Mr. Higham Minister of the Parish. & 22: preaching on 1. Cor: 10. 16. preparatory to the Sacrament on Easter day &c: also 29: on 18 Jer: 9. 10 concerning Gods Judgements against nations and kingdomes, when not prevented by repentance, applicatory to the time.
30. I was able to ride abroad & went often to take the aire.
3 Came the most happy tidings of his Majesties gracious Declaration, & applications to the Parliament, Generall, & People &c and their dutifull acceptance & acknowledgement, after a most bloudy & unreasonable Rebellion of neere 20 yeares. Praised be forever the Lord of heaven, who onely dost wondrous things, because thy mercys indure forever.
9 I was desired & designed to accompany my Lord Berkeley with the publique Addresse of the Parliament Gen: &c: & invite him to come over, & assume his Kingly government, he being now at Breda; but being yet so weake & convalescent, I could not make that journey by sea, which was not a little to my detriment &c: so I went to Lond to excuse my selfe, returning the 10th, having yet received a gracious message from his Majestie, by Major Scot & Colonel Tuke.
29 This day came in his Majestie Charles the 2d to London after a sad, & long Exile, and Calamitous Suffering both of the King and Church: being 17 yeares: This was also his Birthday, and with a Triumph of above 20000 horse and foote, brandishing their swords and shouting with unexpressable joy: The wayes straw'd with flowers, the bells ringing, the streetes hung with Tapissry, fountaines running with wine: The Major, Aldermen, all the Companies in their liver<ie>s, Chaines of Gold, banners; Lords & nobles, Cloth of Silver, gold and vellvet every body clad in, the windos and balconies all set with Ladys, Trumpets, Musick, & <myriads> of people flocking the streetes & was as far as Rochester, so as they were 7 houres in passing the Citty, even from 2 in the afternoone 'til nine at night: I stood in the strand, & beheld it, & blessed God: And all this without one drop of bloud, & by that very army, which rebell'd against him: But it was the Lords doing, et mirabile in oculis nostris: for such a Restauration was never seene in the mention of any history, antient or modern, since the returne of the Babylonian Captivity, nor so joyfull a day, & so bright, ever seene in this nation: this hapning when to expect or effect it, was past all humane policy.
4 I received letters of Sir R: Brownes landing at Dov<e>r, & also Letters from the Queene, which I was to deliver at White-hall, not as yet presenting my selfe to his Majestie by reason of the infinite concourse of people: It was indeed intollerable, as well as unexpressable, the greedinesse of all sorts, men, women, & children to see his Majesty & kisse his hands, inso much as he had scarce leasure to Eate for some dayes, coming as they did from all parts of the Nation: And the King on the other side as willing to give them that satisfaction, would have none kept out, but gave free accesse to all sorts of people: Wherefore addressing my selfe to the Duke, I was carried to his Majestie when he was alone, & very few noble-men with him, & kissed his hands, being very gratiously receivd: which don I returnd home to meet  Sir R: Browne, who came not 'til the Eight, after a 19 yeares Exile, during which yet, he kept up in his Chapell, the Liturgie & offices of the Church of England, to his no small honour, & in a time, when it was so low & and as many thought utterly lost, that in many Controversies both with Papists &Sectaries, our divines used to argue for the visibility of the Church from his Chapell &Congregation...
16 The French, Italian & Dutch Ministers came to make their addresse to his Majestie, one Monsieur Stoope pronouncing the harange with greate Eloquence...
5 I saw his Majestie go with as much pompe & splendor as any Earthly prince could do to the greate Citty feast: (The first they invited him to since his returne) but the exceeding raine which fell all that day, much eclips'd its luster: This was at Guild-hall, and there was also all the Parliament men, both Lords & Comm: the streetes adorn'd with Pageants &c: at immense cost:
6 His Majestie began first to Touch for the Evil according to costome: Thus, his Majestie sitting under his State in the Banqueting house: The Chirurgeons cause the sick to be brought or led up to the throne, who kneeling, the King strokes their faces or cheekes with both his hands at once: at which instant a Chaplaine in his formalities, says, He put his hands upon them, & he healed them, this is sayd, to every one in particular: when they have ben all touch'd, they come up againe in the same order, & the other Chaplaine kneeling & having Angel gold, strung on white ribbon on his arme, delivers them one by one to his Majestie: Who puts them about the neck of the Touched as they passe: whilst the first Chaplaine repeates: That is the true light who came into the World: Then followes an Epistle (as at first a Gospell) with the Liturgy prayers for the sick with some alteration: Lastly the blessing, And then the Lo: Chamberlaine & Comptroller of the household, bring basin, Ewer & Towell for his Majestie to wash:...
8 Mr. Hinchman on 5: Ephes: 15: From hence forth was the Liturgie publiquely used in our Churches, whence it <had> ben for so many Yea<r>es banish'd:
28 I heard his Majesties Speech in the Lords house, passing the bills of Tunnage & poundage, Restauration of my L. Ormond to his estate in Ireland, concerning the Commission of the Sewers, and Continuance of the Excise...
13 I saw in Southwark at St. Margarites faire, a monstrous birth of Twinns, both femals & most perfectly shaped, save that they were joyn'd breast to breast,
& incorporated at the navil, having their armes thrown about each other ...: It was reported quick in May last, & produced neere Turne-style Holbourn: well exent<e>rated & preserved till now:
We saw also a poore Woman, that had a living Child of one yeare old, who had its head, neck, with part of a Thigh growing out about Spina dorsi: The head had the place of Eyes & nose, but none perfected. The head monstrous, rather resembling a greate Wenn; and hanging on the buttocks, at side whereoff, & not in the due place, were (as I remembred) the excrements it avoided, we saw also Monkeys & Apes daunce, & do other feates of activity on the high-rope, to admiration: They were galantly clad alamode, went upright, saluted the Company, bowling, & pulling-off their hatts: They saluted one another with as good grace as if instructed by a Dauncing Master. They turned heales over head, with a bucket of Eggs in it, without breaking any: also with Candles (lighted) in their hands, & on their head, without extinguishing them, & with vessells of water, without spilling a drop: I also saw an Italian Wench daunce to admiration, & performe all the Tricks of agility on the high rope, all the Court went to see her: <likewise> here was <her> Father, who tooke up a piece of Yron Canon of above 400 pounds weight, with the haires of his head onely...
13 In the midst of all the joy & jubilie, dies the Duke of Gloucester of the Small-pox, which put all the Court in Mourning: died the 13th in prime of youthe, a Prince of extraordinary hopes &c:...
6. I paied the greate Tax of Pole-mony, levied for the disbanding of the Army, 'til now kept up; I paid as Esquire 10 pounds & 1s: for every Servant in my house &c:
11 I went to Lond: to be sworn a Commissioner of the Sewers; & this day were those barbarous Regicides, who sat on the life of our late King, brought to their Tryal in the old baily, by a Commission of Oyer & terminer: I return'd at night.
17 This day were executed those murderous Traytors at Charing-Crosse, in sight of the place where they put to death their natural Prince, & in the Presence of the King his sonn, whom they also sought to kill: take<n> in the trap they laied for others: The Traytors executed were Scot, Scroope, Cook, Jones. I saw not their execution, but met their quarters mangld & cutt & reaking as they were brought from the Gallows in baskets on the hurdle: o miraculous providence of God; Three days before suffered Axtel, Carew, Clements, Hacker, Hewson & Peeters for reward of their Iniquity: I returnd:
18 My Wife receiving a fall from a stoole, miscarried of a fine boy, to our greate trouble ***
29 Going to Lond: about my affaires, My Lord Majors shew stop'd me in cheape-side: one of the Pageants represented a greate Wood, with the royal Oake, & historie of his Majesties miraculous escape at Bosco-bell &c:
31 Arived now to my 40th yeare, I rendred to Almighty God my due & hearty thanks:
November I went with some of my Relations to Court, to shew them his Majesties Cabinet and Closset of rarities: The rare miniatures of Peter Oliver after Raphael, Titian & other masters, which I infinitely esteeme: Also that large piece of the Dutchesse of Lennox don in Enamaile by Petito; & a vast number of Achates, Onyxes, & Intaglios, especialy a Medalion of Cæsar, as broad as my hand: likewise rare Cabinetts of Pietra Commessa: A Landskip of Needleworke, formerly presented by the Dutch to K Char: I. Here I saw a vast book of Mapps in a Volume of neere 4 yards large: a curious Ship modell, & amongst the Clocks, one, that shewed the rising & setting of the son in the Zodiaque, the Sunn, represented in a face & raies of Gold, upon an azure skie, observing the diurnal & annual motion, rising & setting behind a landscap of hills, very divertisant, the Work of our famous Fromantel, & severall other rarities in this royal Cimelium.
3 Arived her Majestie Queene Mother in to England, whence she had ben now banished almost 20 years; together with her illustrious daughter the Princesse Henrietta, divers other Prin<c>es & noble-men accompanying them...
23 Being this day in the Bed-Chamber of the Princesse Henrietta (where there were many great beauties, & noble-men) I saluted divers of my old friends & acquaintance abroad; his Majestie carying my Wife to salute the Queene & Prin<c>esse, & then led her into his Closet, & with his owne hands shew'd her divers Curiosities.
27 came down the Cleark Comptroller (by the Lord Stewards appointment) to survey the land at Says-Court, on which I had pretence, & to returne his report:
13 I presented my Son John to the Queene Mother: who kissed him, talked with, & made extraordinary much of him.
21 The Marriage of the Chancellors Daughter being now newly owned, I went to see her: she being Sir R: Browne (my father in laws) intimate acquaintance, when she waited on the Princesse of Orange: She being now at her fathers, at Worcester house in the strand, we all kissed her hand, as did also my Lord Chamberlaine (Manchester), and Countesse of Northumberland: This was a strange change, can it succeed well! I spent the Evening at St. Jamess whither the Princesse Henrietta was retired during the fatal sicknesse of her Sister the Princesse of Orange, now come over to salute the King her brother:1
The Princesse gave my Wife an extraordinary complement, & gracious acceptance, for the Character she had presented her the day before, & which was afterwards printed:
22. I went to Lambeth to visite my kinds-man Sir Rob: Needham: This day died the Princesse of Orange of the Small-pox, which wholy alterd the face & gallantry of the whole Court:
23 ... A robbery attempted at my house, but God deliverd us:
25 Preached at the Abby, Dr. Earles, (clearke of his Majesties Closet, & my deare friend, Deane of Westminster) on 2: luke 13.14. Condoling the breach made in the publique joy, by the lamented death of the Princesse: I receivd the B: Sacrament the Deane officiating: The Service was also in the old Cathedrall Musique:...
27 I returned home; my son, not well, & next day to Lond: againe.
30 ... I dined at Court, with Mr. Crane Cleark of the Greene-Cloth:
31: I gave God thankes for his many signal mercies to my selfe Church & Nation this wonderfulle Yeare:
1 This is the marriage, notorious at the time, of Anne Hyde (1637-71), daughter of Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon to James, Duke of York. She was already pregnant. The children of this marriage included the Queens Mary II (1688-94) and Anne (1702-14). It contributed to Clarendon's unpopularity and eventual fall in 1667 by allowing his enemies to claim that he had engineered this marriage and that of Charles II to the barren Catherine of Braganza to guarantee that his own descendants would be monarchs, as E observed (see below). The Princess of Orange is Mary (1631-60), sister of Charles II and mother of William of Orange, afterwards William III (1688-1702) and husband of Mary II. Her sister the Princess Henrietta (1644-70) is Duchess of Orleans, otherwise known to E as 'Madame'. Mrs Evelyn's Character is not known in published form.
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