2 I had a kind audience of my L: Chancellor about a buisinesse: Saw a fine Mask at Court perform'd by 6 Gents: & 6 Ladys surprizing his Majestie, it being Candlemas day:
8 Ashwednesday I visited our Prisoners at Chelsey Colledge, & to examine how the Martial & Suttlers behaved themselves: These were Prisoners taken in the Warr; They onely complain'd that their bread was too fine: I din'd at Sir Hen: Herberts Master of the Revells:
9 Dined at my L: Treasure<r>s the Earle of Southampton in Blomesbury, where he was building a noble Square or Piazza & a little Towne: his owne house stands too low, some noble rooms, a pretty Cedar Chapell, a naked Garden to the north, but good aire: I had much discourse with his Lordship whom I found to be a person of extraordinary parts, but Valetudinarie: I went to St. Ja: Parke, where I examin'd the Throate of the Onocratylus or Pelecan, the tongue scarce appearing, the Peake above 2 foote long, crooked at the very point & a little red at the tip: the neck rough, a fowle betweene a Storke & Swan & neere as big as a Swan; a Melancholy water foule: brought from Astracan by the Russian Ambassador: it was diverting to see how he would tosse up & turne a flat-fish, plaice or flounder to get it right into its gullet, for it has one at the lower beake which being filmy stretches to a prodigious widenesse when it devours a greate fish &c: Here was also a small Water-fowle that went almost quite erect, like the Penguin of America: It would eat as much fish as its whole body weighed, I never saw so unsatiable a devourer, I admir'd how it could swallo<w> so much & swell no bigger: I believe it to be the most voracious creature in nature, it was not biger than a More hen: The Solan-Geece here also are greate devourers, & are said soone to exhaust all the fish of a pond: Here were a curious sort of Poultry, not much exceeding a tame pidgeon, with legs so short, as their crops seem'd to touch the Earth: also a milk-white Raven, a good<l>y bird: here was also a Stork, which was a raritie at this season, seing he was loose, & could flie loftily: Also 2 Balearian Cranes, one of which having had one of his leggs broken and cut off above the knee, had a wodden or boxen leg & thigh with a joynt for the <knee> so accurately made, that the poore creature could walk with it, & use it as well as if it had ben natural: It was made by a souldier: The Parke was at this time stored with infinite flocks of severall sorts of ordinary, & extraordinary Wild foule, breeding about the Decoy, which for being neere so greate a Citty, & among such a concourse of Souldier<s>, Guards & people, is very diverting: There were also Deere of severall countries, W<h>ite, spotted like Leopards, Antelope: An Elke, Red deeres, Robucks, Staggs, Guinny Goates; Arabian sheepe &c: The supporting the Withy potts or nests for the Wild foule to lay in, a little above the surface of the water was very pretty.
27: Mr. Phillips pręceptor to my sonn, went to be with the E: of Penbroch sonn my L. Herbert:
2. I went with his Majestie into the Lobbie behind the house of Lords, where I saw the King & the rest of the Lords robe themselves, & getting into the Lords house in a corner neere the Woolsackes, that on which the L: Chancellor sate next below the Throne, The King sate in all the <Regalia>, the Crown Imperial on his head, Scepter & Mond &c: The D: of Albemarle bare the sword, the D: of Ormond the Cap: of dignity: The rest of the Lords rob'd & in their places, the Lords spiritual &c. A most splendid & august convention: Then came in the Speaker & H: of Comm: & at the barr made a speech, after which he presented divers bills, read by the Cleark, the King by a nod onely passing them, the Cleark saying le Roy le veult, this to the Publique bills, the Private bills, Soit fait comme il est desirè, being in all 26 bills, Then his Majestie made a very handsome, but short speech, commanding my Lo: Privy-Seale to prorogue the Parliament, which he did, my L: Chancelor being absent & ill: so all rise: I had not before seene the manner of passing Laws &c:
9 Went to receive the poore burnt Creatures that were saved out of the London fregat in which were blowne up above 200 men by an axident and so perish'd on<e> of the bravest ships in Europe: returning this evening I saw a pillar of Light, of a very strange Colour, & position, being to appearance upright from the body of the setting sunn 7 or 8 yards long & 2 foote broade.
15 ... Afternoone at our Society, where was tried some of the Poysons sent from the King of Macassar out of E. India, so famous for its suddaine operation: we gave it a wounded dog, but it did not succeede.
4: Lond: Commiss: to take order about some Prisoners sent from Cap: Allens ship, taken in the Solomon, viz. the brave Man who defended her so gallantly.
5. return'd, which was a day of humiliation pub: & for successe of this tirrible Warr, begun doubtlesse at seacret instigation of the French &c to weaken the States, & Protestant Interest &c: prodigious preparations on both sides: our Doctor preached on 4. James 10. concerning the effect of true humiliation &c:
19 Invited to a greate dinner at Trinity house in Lond: where I had buisinesse with the Commissioners of the Navy, & to receive the second 5000 pounds imprest for his Majesties Service of the Sick & Wounded & Prisoners: &c: Thence to our Society where were divers poisons experimented on Animals:
20: To White-hall, to the King, who call'd me into his Bed-Chamber as he was dressing, to whom I shew'd the Letter written to me from his R: Highness the Duke of York from the Fleete, giving me notice of Young Evertse, & some other considerable Commanders (newly taken in fight with the Dartmouth & Diamond fregats) whom he had sent me as Prisoners at Warr: I went to know of his Majestie how he would have me treate them: who commanded me to bring the Young Cap: to him, &, to take the Dutch Ambassadors Word (who yet remained here) for the other, that he should render himselfe to me when ever I cald, & not stir without leave: Upon which I desired more Guards, the Prison being Chelsey house: I went also to my L: Arlington (viz. Mr. Secretary Bennet, lately made a Lord) about another buisinesse; dined at my L: Chancelors, none with him but Sir Sackvill Crow (formerly Ambassador at <Constantinople>) where we were very cherefull, & merry:
21 Went home, having taken order with my Martial about my Prisoners; & with the Doctor & Chirurgeon to attend the Wounded, both Enemies, & others of our owne: Next day to Lond: againe I visited my Charge, severall their legges & armes off, miserable objects God knows:
24 I presented Young Cap: Everse, eldest sonn of Cornelius, Vice-Admirall of Zealand, & Nephew of John now Admiral, a most valiant person, to his Majestie, being in his bed- chamber: the K. gave his hand to kisse, gave him his liberty, asked many quest: concerning the fight (it being the first bloud drawne) his Majestie remembring the many civilities he had formerly received from his relations abroad, and had now so much Interest in that Considerable Province: Then I was commanded to go with him to the Holl: Ambassador, where he was to stay
for his pass-port, & ordered me to give him 50 pieces in broad gold: Next day I had the Ambassadors Parole for the other Cap: taken in Cap: Allens fight <before> Cales &c:
26: I gave his Majestie Accompt of what I had don, & desired the same favour for another Cap: which his Majestie gave me:
16: To Lond to consider of the poore Orphans & Widdows made by this bloudy
beginning, & whose Husbands & Relations perished in the London fregat: whereof 50 Widdows, & of them 45 with child:
26: To treate with the Holl: Ambassador at Chelsey, for the release of divers Prisoners of Warr, in Holland, upon Exchange here. After dinner, being calld into the Council Chamber at White hall, I gave his Majestie an accompt what I had don, informing him of the vast charge upon us, being now amounted to no lesse than 1000 pounds weekely; desiring our Treasurer might have another Privy-Seale for 500 pounds speedily, then went home:
29 I went (with my little boy) to visite my District over Kent, & to make up Accompts with my Officers; & so by Coach to Rochester, lay at Sitingburne,
 din'd at Canterbury, next to Dover, visited the Governor at the Castle where I had some Prisoners: My son went to sea but was not sick.
31 To Deale:
1 finished my Accompts at Deale: visited the small forts:
2. returnd to Canterbury.
3. Through Roch: Sittingb: Grave<s>end, & the Fleete being just now Engaged gave special orders for my Officers to be ready to receive the Wounded & Prisoners: returned late home by boate:
5 To Lond: to speake with his Majestie & D: of Albemarle for Horse & foote Guards for the Prisoners of War committed more particularly to my Charge, by a Commission a part, under his Majesties hand & seale:
<7?> I went againe to his Grace, thence to the Council, and moved for another Privy-seale for 20000 pounds: That I might have the disposal of the Savoy Hospital for the sick & Wounded: all of which was granted: hence to our R: Society to refresh among the Philosophers:
8 Came newes of his Highnesse Victory over the Enemie, & indeede it might have ben a compleate one, & at once ended the Warr, had it ben pursued: but the Cowardize of some, Tretchery, or both frustrated that: we had however bonfires, bells, & rejoicing in the Citty &c.
9: Next day I had instant orders to repaire to the Downes; so as I got to Rochester this evening, dined next day at Canterbury,
 lay at Deale where I found all in readinesse: but the fleete hindred by Contrary winds, I came away: having staied there the 11: where the Mini<s>ter preached on 37 Psal: 21. 5, Pomerid: 15 Jam: 17. 18.
12: I went back to Dover, din'd with the Governor at the Castle, returnd to Deale: next day, hearing the Fleete was at Sold-bay, I went homeward, lay at Chattham, in which journey, my Coach, by a rude justle against a Cart, was dangerously brused:
14 I got home:
15: Came Monsieur Brizasiere eldest sonn to the Pr: Sec: of State to the French King, with much other companie to dine with me: After dinner I went with him to Lond to speake to my Lord Gen: for more Guards,  & gave his Majestie an account of my journey to the Coasts, under my inspection: I also waited on his R: Highness now come triumphant from the fleete; goten in to repaire: See the whole history of this Conflict in my Hist: of the Dutch Warr:1 so on Saturday got home being 17: June.
20: To Lond: represented the state of the S<ick> & Wo<unded>: to his Majestie being in Council; for want of mony, who orderd I should apply to my L: Tressurer & Chan: of Exchequer upon what fonds to raise the mony promised: at which time we also presented to his Majestie divers expedients for retrenchment of the charge: This Evening making my Court to the Duke, I spake with Monsieur Cominges the French Ambassador & his highnesse granted me six Prisoners Embdeners, who were desirous to go to the Barbados with a Merchant:
22: We waited on the Chancellor of the Exchequer; & got an order of the Council for our mony, to be paied to the Tressurer of the navy to our Receiver:
23 The Duke of Yorke told us, that his dog sought out absolutely the very securest place of all the vessel, when they were in fight:...
28: To Lond: to R: Society, the Assembly now prorogued to Michaelmas, according to costome; & the sooner, because the Plague in Lond much increased:
29 went home, &c:
30 I went to Chattam:
1 Navigation and Commerce, published in 1674.
1 July downe to the fleete, with my Lord San<d>wich now Admiral, with whom I went in a Pinnace to the Buy of the Noore2 where the whole fleete rod at anker: went on board the Prince a vessel of 90 brasse ordnance, (most whole canon) & happly the best ship in the world both for building & sailing: she had 700 men: They made a great huzza or shout at our approch 3 times: here we dined with many noble men, Gent: and Volunteeres; served in Plate, and excellent meate of all sorts: after dinner came his Majestie & the Duke & Prince Rupert: & here I saw him knight Cap: Cuttance, for behaving himselfe so bravely in the late fight: & was amaz'd to <behold> the good order, decency, & plenty of all things, in a vessell so full of men: The ship received an hundred Canon shot in her body:
Then I went on board the Charles, to which after a Gun was shot off, came all the flag- officers to his Majestie, who there held a generall Council, determining his R: Highness should adventure himselfe no more this summer: I spake with Sir Geo: Ayscogh, Sir William Pen &c: Sir William Coventry (secretary to the Duke) about buisinesse, and so came away late, having seene the most glorious fleete, that ever spread saile: here was also among the rest the Royal Sovraigne: we returned in his Majesties Yacht with my L: Sandwich & Mr. V: Chamberlaine landing at Chattam on Sunday morning: ...
3. I tooke order for 150 men to be carried on board, (who had ben recovered of their wounds & sicknesse) the Clove-tree, Carolus quintus & Zeland, ships that had ben taken by us in the fight: & so returnd home.
7: To Lond: to Sir William Coventrie & so to Sion, where his Majestie sat at Council (during the Contagion): when my buisines was over I viewed that seate, belonging to the E: of Northumberland built out of an old Nunnerie, of stone, & fair enough, but more celebrated for the Garden than it deserves; yet there is excellent Walle fruit, & a pretty fountaine, nothing else extraordinarie: returnd that day:
9: I went to Hampton Court where now the whole Court was: my buisinesse was to solicite for mony, to carry letters intercepted, to conferr againe with Sir W: Coventrie, the Dukes Secretary, & so home, having dined at Mr. Sec: Morice.
16. To Hampton-Court againe, hearing a fragment of a sermon there by Dr. Turner: There died of the Plague in Lond: this Weeke 1100:
23. There perished this weeke above 2000, & now there were two houses shut up in our parish:
2 The Buoy of the Nore, in the Thames Estuary.
2. Was the Solemn Fast through England to deprecate Gods displeasure against the Land by Pestilence & War:
4: ... I went to Wotton to carry my sonn & his Tutor Mr. Bohune, a fellow of New Coll: (& recommended to me by Dr. Wilkins & the President of Trinity Coll: in Oxford) for feare of the Pestilence still increasing both in Lond: & invirons:
7. I returned home, calling at Woo<d>cot, & Durdens by the way: where I <found> Dr. Wilkins, Sir William Pettit, & Mr. Hooke contriving Charriots, new rigges for ships, a Wheele for one to run races in, & other mechanical inventions, & perhaps three such persons together were not to be found else where in Europ, for parts & ingenuity:
8: To Lond: where I waited on the D: of Albemarle, who was resolv'd to stay at the Cock- pit in St. James Parke: who had sent me a Letter about buisinesse for his Majesties service: There dying this Week in Lond: 4000:
13 was so tempesteous that we could not go to church:
13. There perished this Weeke 5000:
28 The Contagion growing now all about us, I went my Wife & whole family (two or three of my necessary Servants excepted) to Wotton to my Brothers, being resolved to stay at my house my selfe, & to looke after my Charge, trusting in the providence & goodnesse of God.
7 Came home, there perishing now neere ten-thousand poore Creatures weekely: however I went all along the Citty & suburbs from Kent streete to St. James's, a dismal passage & dangerous, to see so many Cofines exposed in the streetes & the streete thin of people, the shops shut up, & all in mournefull silence, as not knowing whose turn might be next: I went to the D: of Albemarle for a Pest-ship, to waite on our infected men, who were not a few:
10: Dr. Plume at Greenewich, on 3. Coloss: 5.6. shewing how our sinns had drawne down Gods Judgements: I dined with the Commissioners of the Navy, retreated hither, & with whom I had buisinesse:3
17: Receiving a Letter from his Excellency my L: Sandwich of a defeate given to the Dut<c>h, I was forc'd to travell all Sonday, when by the way calling in to see my other Bro: at Woodcot, as I was at dinner, I was surpriz'd by a fainting fit: which much a'larm'd the family, as well it might, I coming so lately from infected places; but I blesse God it went off, so as I got home that night; but was exceedingly <perplex'd>, to find that there were sent me to dispose of neere 3000 Prisoners at Warr; so as on the
18 I was forc' to go to Lond: & take orders from my Lord Gen: what I should do with them, they being more than I had places fit to receive & guard, he made me dine with them, & then we consulted about it:
23. My L: Admirall being come from the Fleete to Greenewich, I went thence with him to the Cock-pit to consult with the Duke of Albemarle: I was peremptory, that unlesse we had 10000 pounds immediately, the Prisone<r>s would sterve, & 'twas propos'd it should be raised out of the East India Prises, now taken by my L: Sandwich: They being but two of the Commissioners & so not impower'd to determine, sent an expresse to his Majestie & Council to know what they should do: In the meane time I had 5 Vessels with Competent Guards to keepe the Prisoners in for the present, & to be placed as I should think best:...
28 To the L: Generall to acquaint him againe of the deplorable state of our men, for want of provisions, return'd with orders:
29. To Erith to quicken the Sale of the Prizes lying there, by orders, to the
Commissioners who lay on board, til they should be disposed of, 5000 pounds being proportiond for my quarters: Then I also deliverd the Dut<c>h Vice Admirall, who was my Prisoner, to Mr. Lo, of the Marshallsea he giving me bond of 500 pounds to produce him at my call: I exceedingly pittied this brave, unhappy person, who had lost with these Prizes 40000 pounds, after 20 yeares negotiation in the East Indies: I dined in one of these Vessels of 1200 tunn, full of riches, and return'd home:
3 This bald account contrasts with Pepys' entry for the same day.
1 ... This afternoone as I was at Evening prayer, tidings were brought to me, of my Wifes being brought to bed at Wotton of a Daughter (after 6 sonns) borne this morning 1. Octob: in the same Chamber, I had first tooke breath in, and at the first day of that moneth, in the morning, as I was on the last: 45 yeares before: & about the very same houre, being 1/3 aft<e>r 4: Sonday:
4 Was the monethly fast, Mr. Plume on: 16: Numb: 46, of the sinn of rebellion against Magistrates & Ministers:
7: I went to see my Wife.
8: The Parson of Wotton Mr. Higham on 15 Luke 18.19.20: & then before Dinner, was my Daughter Christnd Mary in the Chamber cald the red chamb<e>r, where borne, Her Grandfath<e>r Sir R: Bro: my Aunt Hunger-ford of Cadenam (by proxy) & my Neepce Mary (& God-daught<e>r) being Gossips:4
10 I returned to Lond: I went thro the whole Citty, having occasion to alight out of the Coach in severall places about buisinesse of mony, when I was invironed with multitudes of poore pestiferous creatures, begging almes; the shops universaly shut up, a dreadfull prospect: I dined with my L: Gen: was to receive 10000 pounds & had Guards to convey both my selfe & it, & so returned <home>, through Gods infinite mercy:
17 I went to Gravesend, next day to Chattam, thence to Maidstone, in order to the march of 500 Prisoners to Leeds-Castle which I had hired of my Lord Culpeper, and  dined with Mr. Harlakingdon, a worthy Gent: of Maid-stone, being earnestly desired by the Learned Sir Roger Twisden & Deputy Lieutenants, to spare that town from quartering any of my sick flock: Here Sir Ed: Brett sent me some horses to bring up the rere, which returned that night to Rochester:
20: This County from Rochester to Maidstone by the Medway river, is very agreable, the downes & prospect:
21 I came from Gravesend where Sir Jo: Griffith the Governor of the fort, entertaind me very handsomly:
31 I was this day 45 yeares of age, wonderfully preserved, for which I blessed his infinite goodnesse:
4 A sponsor at a baptism establishing a spiritual relationship with the child.
27: I went to the D: of Albemarle having buisinesse to recommend to his grace, going now to Oxford, where both Court, K & Parliament had ben most part of the summer: There was no small suspicion of my Lord Sandwiches permitting divers Commanders that were in the fight & action, at the taking of the E. India prizes, to break bulk, and take to their owne selves many rich things, Jewels, Silkes &c: though I believe some I could name, fill'd their pockets, my L: Sandwich himselfe had the least share: however he underwent the blame of it, & it created him Enemies, & prepossessed the L: Generall, for he spake to me of it with much zeale & concerne, & I believe laied load enough on Sandwich at Oxford.
8 To my L: of Albemarles (now return'd from Oxon) who was also now declared Generall at Sea, to the no small mortification, of that Excellent Person, the Earle of Sandwich: Whom the Duke of Albemarle, not onely suspected faulty about the prizes, but lesse Valiant: himself imagining how easie a thing it were to confound the Hollander, as well now, as when heretofore he fought against them, upon a more disloyal Interest:
10 A stranger preached at Greenewich on 13 Luke. 1. 2. and 5. not to judge uncharitably of others, for our owne Escape: applied to those who survived the Contagion &c: a seasonable discourse:
23. To Wotton to see my Wife, & kept Christmas with my hospitable Brother:
Now blessed be God, for his extraordinary mercies & preservations of me this Yeare when thousands & ten thousands perish'd & were swept away on each side of me: There dying in our Parish this yeare 406 of the Pestilence:
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