20 To Lond: about buisinesse: & to our Meeting, trying severall Exp: about refining Metalls.
11 To our Society: where were experimented divers ways of the rising of water in glasse tubes, above the Super ficies of the stagnant water: either by uniting one part of the water to the other by a kind of natural appetite to joyne its like; or rather by the pressure of the subjacent water by the super stantial śr, to an śquilibrium of Cylinder of the Atmosphere: &c:
13 I went to Lambeth with Sir R: Brownes pretence to the Wardenship of Merton Coll: in Oxford, to which (as having about 40 yeares before ben student of that house) he was unanimously elected, one fellow onely excepted: now the statutes of that house being so, that unlesse every fellow agree, the election devolves to the Visitor, who is the A: Bish: of Canterbury, his Grace gave his vote to Sir T. Clayton there, and the Physick Professor; for which I was not at all displeas'd; because though Sir Rich: miss'd it, by much ingratitude and wrong of the Arch-Bishop (Clayton being no fellow) yet it would have hindred Sir Richard from attending at Court, to settle his greater Concernes, and prejudicd me: he being so much inclined to have pass'd his time in a Collegiate life, very unfit for him at that time for many reasons. So I took leave of his Grace, who was Dr. Juxon, formerly L: Treasurer in the reigne of Charles I.
This after noone his hig<h>nesse Prince Rupert shewed me with his owne hands the new way of Graving call'd Mezzo Tinto, which afterwards I by his permission publish'd in my Historie of Chalcographie, which set so many artists on Worke, that they soone arived to that perfection it is since come, emulating the tenderest miniature.1
31 This night his Majestie promis'd to make my Wife Lady of the Jewels (a very honorable charge) to the future Queene &c: [but which he never performd, bribd by the Lady Scroope.]
19 To Lond: about Says-Court buisinesse: Saw the Bathing & rest of the Ceremonies of the Knights of the Bath preparatory to the Coronation, it was in the Painted Chamber in Westminster: I might have received this honour, but declined it: The rest of the ceremony was in the Chapell at White-hall where their Swords being laid on the Altar, the Bishop deliverd them &c:
21. I heard part onely of a Sermon at St. Martines:
22 Was the splendid Cavalcade of his Majestie from the Tower of Lond: to White hall: Where I also saw the King in the Banqueting House Create six Earles, & as many Barons viz: Ed: L. Hide L. High Chancellor created Earle of Clarendon, supported by the Earles of Northumberland & Sussex: The Earle of Bedford carried the Cap & Coronet, E: of Warwick the Sword: E: of Newport the Mantle. Next was Capel created Earle of Essex; Brudnell Cardigan: Valencia Angelsea, Greenevill Bath, Howard Caerlisle: The Barons were Denzill Holles, Cornwallis, Booth, Townsend, Cooper, Crew, who were all led-up by severall Peeres, with Garter & Officers of Armes before them, where after Obesience on their severall approches to the Throne, their Patents were presented by Garter K. at Armes, which being received by the L. Chamberlaine & deliver'd his Majestie & by him to the Secretary of State, were read, & then againe delivred to his Majestie & by him to the severall Lords Created, then were they robed, their Coronets & Collers put on by his Majestie, then were they placed in rank on both sides the State & Throne: but the Barons put of their caps & circles and held them in their hands, The Earles keeping on their Coronets as Cousins to the King:
I spent the rest of the Evening in seeing the severall Arch Triumphals built in the streetes at severall Eminent places thro which his Majestie was next day to passe, some of which though tem<p>orarie, & to stand but one Yeare, were of good Invention & architecture, with Inscriptions:
Was the Coronation of his Majesty Charles the Second in the Abby-Church of Westminster at all which Ceremonie I was present: The King & all his Nobility went to the Tower, I accompanying my L: Vicount Mordaunt part of the Way:
This was on Sunday: 22: but indeede his Majestie went not 'til Early this morning, & proceeded from thence to Westminster in this order: first went the Duke of Yorks Horse guards, Messengers of the Chamber. 136 Esquires to the knights of the Bath, each having two: most richly habited: The knight Harbinger, Searjeant Porter, Sewers of the Chamber, Quarter Waiters, Six-Clearks of Chancery, Cler: of the Signet, Cler: of the Privy-Seale, Clearks of the Council: Cler: of the Parliament, Cler: of the Crowne: Chaplaines in ordinary having dignities 10: Kings Advocats & Remembrancer, Cou<n>cil at Law: Master of the C<h>ancery: Puisne Serjeants, Kings Attourney & Solicitor: Kings eldest Serjeant: Secretaries of the French & Latine Tongue: Gent: Ushers daily Waiters: Sewers, Carvers & Cupbearers in Ordinary, Esquires of the body 4. Masters of standing Offices being no Councellers viz. of the Tents, Revells, Ceremonies, Armorie, Wardrob, Ordnance, Masters of Requests, Chamberlaine of the Exchequer, Barons of the Exchequer & Judges: Lord Ch: Baron, L.C. Justice of the Common pleas, Master of the Rolls, L.C. Justice of England: Trumpets, Gent: of the Pr: Chamber, Knights of the Bath 68 in Crimson robes exceeding rich, & the noblest shew of the whole Cavalcade (his Majestie Excepted) Knight Marishall: Treasurer of the Chamber, Master of the Jewells, Lords of the Privy Council: Comptroller of his Majesties Household: Treasurer of the Household: Trumpets, Searjeant Trumpeter: Puirsuivants at Armes 2: Barons: 2: Puirsuivants at Armes: Viscounts, Heraulds 2: Earles. L. Chamb: of the Household. 2 Heraulds: Marqu<i>ses, Dukes: Her:< Clarencieux> and <Norroy>: Lord Chancellor: L.H. Steward of Eng: Two Persons representing the Dukes of Normandy & Aquitain (viz. Sir R: Fanshaw & Sir Herb: Price) in fantastique habits of that time: Gent: Ushers, Garter: Lord Major of Lond: The Duke of York alone: (the rest by twos) L.H. Conestable of Eng: L: Gr: Chamb: of England: The Sword born by the Earle Marishall of Eng:
Lastly the KING in royal Robes, & Equipage: Afterwards followd Equerries, Foote-men, Gent: Pensioners, Master of the horse leading an horse richly caparisond: Vice-Chamberlaine: Cap: of the Pensioners: Cap: of the Guard: The Guard, Horse-Gard, The Troope of Voluntieres &c with many other officers, & Gent: This magnificent Traine on horseback, as rich as Embroidery, velvet, Cloth of Gold & Sil: & Jewells could make them & their pransing horses, proceeded thro the streetes, strew'd with flowers, houses hung with rich Tapissry, Windos & Balconies full of Ladies, The Lond: Militia lining the ways, & the sevrrall Companies with their Banners & Loud musique ranked in their orders: The Fountaines runing wine, bells ringing, with Speeches made at the severall Triumphal Arches: At that of the Temple Barre (neere which I stood) The Lord Major was received by the Baylife of Westminster who in a Scarlet robe made a Speech:
Thence with joyfull Acclamations his Majestie passed to White-hall: [Bonfires at night] & the next day being st. Georges he went by Water to Westminster Abby: when his Majestie was entered, the Deane & Prebends brought all the Regalia, & deliverd them to severall Noble-men, to beare before the King, who met them at the West dore of the church, singing an Antheme, to the Quire: Then came the Peres in their Robes & Coronets &c in their hands, 'til his Majestie was placed in a Throne elevated before the Altar: Then the Bish: of Lond (the A Bishop of Canterbury being sick) went to every side of the Throne to present the King to the People, asking if they would have him for their King, & do him homage, at which they shouted 4 Times God Save K. Ch: the 2d: Then an Anthem sung:
Then his Majesty attended by 3 Bishops went up to the Altar, & he offerd a pall, & a pound of Gold: Then sate he down in another chaire during the sermon, which was preachd by Dr. Morley then B: of Worcester on after Sermon the K: tooke his Oath before the Altar, to <mainetaine> the Religion, Mag: Charta & Laws of the Land: Then the Hymn Veni S. Sp., then the Leitany by 2 Bish. Then the L: AB: of Cant (present but <much> indisposd & weake) said,
Lift-up your hearts:
Then rose up the King, & put off his robes & upper garments; & was in a Wastcoate so opened in divers places as the A: Bishop might commodiously anoint him, first in the palmes of his hands, then was sung an Anthem & prayer, Then his breast, & twixt the shoulders, bending of both armes, & lastly on the crowne of the head: with apposite hymns & prayers at each anoynting: Then closed & buttned up the Wastcoate, which was done by the Deane: Then was a Coyfe put on & the Colobium, Syndon or Dalmatic, & over this a Supertunic of Cloth of Gold, with buskins & sandals of the same, Spurrs, The Sword, a prayer being first saied over it by the A.Bish. on the Altar before 'twas girt on: by the L: Chamberlain: Then the Armill, Manteles &c:
Then the A: B: placed the Crowne Imperial on the Altar, prayed over it, & set it on his Majesties head, at which all the Peres put on their Coronets &c. Anthems & rare musique playing with Lutes, Viols, Trumpets, Organs, Voices &c. Then the A B: put a ring on his Majesties finger:
Then the K. offered his Sword on the Altar: which being redeemed, was drawn & borne before him: Then the AB: deliverd him the Scepters with the Dove in one hand, & the other in the other with the Mond: Then the K. kneeling the A: Bish: pronounc'd the blessing:
Then ascending againe his Regal Throne & Te Deum singing all the Peeres did their Homage by every one touching his Crowne: The ArchBish & rest of the Bish: first kissing the King: Then he received the H: Sacrament, & so disrobed, yet with the Crowne Imperial on his head, accompanied with all the nobility in the former order, he went on foote on blew cloth, which was spread & reachd from the West dore of the Abby, to Westminster Stayres where he tooke Water in a Triumphall barge to White-hall. where was extraordinary feasting:
24 I presented his Majestie with his Panegyric in the Privy Chamber, which he was pleasd most graciously to accept: &c. also to the L. Chancelor & most of the noble men who came to me for it, & dind at the Marq: of Ormonds now made Duke, where was a magnificent feast, & many greate persons:
25 I went to the Society where were divers Experiments in Mr. Boyls Pneumatique Engine. We put in a Snake but could not kill it, by exhausting the aire, onely made it extreamly sick, but the chick died of Convulsions out right, in a short space:
1 I went to Hide Park to take the aire, where was his Majestie & an inumerable appearance of Gallantry & rich Coaches &c: it being now a time of universal festivity & joy: &c:
2 I had audience of my L. Chancellor about my Title to Says-Court:
3 I went to see the wonderfull Engine for weaving silk-stockings, said to have ben the Invention of an Oxford Scholler 40 yeares since: return'd by Fromantel the famous Clock maker to see some Pendules: Monsieur Zulichum being with us: This evening I was with my L: Brouncker, Sir Rob: Morray, Sir Pa: Neill, Monsieur de <Zulicum> & Mr. Ball (all of them of our Society, & excellent Mathematicians) to shew his Majestie (who was also present) Saturns Ansatus as some thought, but as Zulicum affirmed with his Balteus (as that learned Gent: had publishd), very neere eclipsed by the Moone, neere the Mons Porphyritis: Also Jupiter & Satelites through the greate Telescope of his Majesties, drawing 35 foote: on which were divers discourses:
8 His Majestie rod in state, with his Imperial Crowne on, & all the Peeres in their robes in greate pomp to the Parliament, now newly chosen (the old one disolv'd) & that evening declared in Council his intention to marry the Infanta of Portugal:
11 My Wife present<e>d his Majestie the Madona she copied in Miniatur after P: Olivers painting after Raphael, which she wrought with extraordinary paines & Judgement. The K. was infinitely pleas'd with it, & caus'd it to be placed in his Cabinet amongst his best Limmings:
12 Dr. Phil: King preached at the Abby on 16. Jo: 7: Afternoone Dr. Hill of Christ-Chur<c>h Oxon:
13 I heard, & saw such Exercises at the Election of Scholars at Westminster Schoole, to be sent to the Universitie, both in Lat: Gr: & Heb: Arabic &c in Theames & extemporary Verses, as wonderfully astonish'd me, in such young striplings, with that readinesse, & witt, some of them not above 12 or 13 yeares of age: & pitty it is, that what they attaine here so ripely, they either not retaine, or improve more considerably, when they come to be men: though many of them do: & no lesse is to be blamed their odd pronouncing of Latine, so that out of England no nation were able to understand or endure it: The Examinants or Posers were Dr. Duport Greek professor at Cambridge: Dr. Fell: Deane of Christchu<rc>h, Oxon: Dr. Pierson, Dr. Alestree, Deane of Westminster & any that would:
14 His Majestie was pleased to discourse with me concerning severall particulars relating to our Society, & the Planet Saturne &c: as he sat at Supper in the withdrawing roome to his Bed-Chamber.
15 We made sevverall experiments on Vipers, & their biting of Dogs & Catts, to make tryall of a stone presented us from the E: Indias a pretended cure:
16. I dined at Mr. Garmus the Resident of Hamburg, who continud his feast neere 9 whole houres, according to the Custome of his Country; though no greate excesse of drinking, no man being obligd:
22 Was the Scotch-Covenant burnt by the common hangman in divers places of Lond: o prodigious change! This after<noone> at our Society were severall discourses concerning poisons. Sir Jo Finch told us of an exquisite poyson of the D: of Florences that kill'd with a drop: That drawing a threit & needle dipt in it thro a hens thigh it perish'd immediatly, but if an hot needle were thrust after it, it cured the wound. This was tried also on a dog, success-fully: That any thing thus killed, the limb affected being suddainly cut off the rest eate most delicatly and tender without detriment to the Eater: Hereupon Dr. Charleton affirm'd that having killed a Linnet with Nux Vomica suddainly: a Sea-Gull eating that bird died also immediately, & some other animal that prey'd on that Gull the Venume in force after the third Concoction: I return'd home this Evening:
26 Our Vicar on 7: Mat: 21.
29 This was the first Anniversary appointd by Act of Parliament to be observ'd as a day of gen: Thanksgiving for the miraculous Restauration of his Majestie: our Vicar preaching on 118 Psal:
19 Discourses at our Society about poysons againe. We gave Nux Vom: to birds that killed them out-right, afterwa<r>ds, because some writers affirmed Sublimate was its conterpoyson, we tried it on other birds, but it succeded not:
2 I went to see, the new Spring-Garden at Lambeth a pretty contriv'd plantation:
5: We continued many Experiments about compressing of Water: &c.
17 I went to Lond. at our Assembly: we put a Viper & slow-worme <or> Aspic to bite a Mouse, but could not irritate them to fasten at all: Mr. Boyle brought 2 polishd Marbles 3 inch diameter: which first well rubb'd, then with a drop of oyle olive, which was afterwards cleane wiped off, the stones claped together stuck close, even so close, that the nether stone having a hook insert<e>d, & the uppe<r> a ring, tooke up 42 pound weight, by the power of contiguity, before they separated: The oyle was added to fill up any possible porositie in the polishd Marbles:
19 We tried our Diving bell, or Engine in the Water Dock at Deptford, in which our Curator contin<ue>d halfe an houre under water: It was made of Cast lead: let downe with a strong Cable:
22 My Wife went to the Waters at Tunbridge for her health:
24 ... There was a Camel shewen in our Towne, newly bro<u>ght from the Levant, which I saw, as I had others.
31. To our Society, where a bladder blowne up onely raised a weight of 24 pound; it was at first flaxid & welted on purpose, & the weight hanged at its bottome, then the wind conveyd thro a pipe that had a valve &c:
7 Repeating the Experiment of the bladder was raisd 142 pounds & my Laquay, who was an heavy looby of 17 years old &c: A pouder of a plant was brought, which thrown into the fire
<flashed> like Gun-powder:
9 I tried severall experiments on the Sensitive plant & humilis, which contracted with the least touch of the Sunn, thro a burning Glasse, though it rises & opens onely, when it shines on it: also with aqua fortis; but it did not with its fume, nor touch'd with Spirit of Sulphur: I first saw the famous Queen-pine brought from Barbados presented to his Majestie, but the first that were ever seene here in England, were those sent to Cromwell, foure-yeares since: I dined at Mr. Palmers at Grays-Inn, whose curiosity excelled in Clocks & Pendules, especialy one, that had innumerable motions, & plaied 9 or 10 Tunes on the bells very finely; some of them set in parts, which was very harmonious. It was wound up but once in a quarter: he had also good Telescopes, & Mathematical Instruments, choice Pictures & other Curiosities: Thence we went to that famous Montebank, Jo: Punteus.
14: To Lond: Experiments concerning compression of Water, a letter and a certaine uncombustible Wood was sent the Society from the famous Adeptus Signor Borrhi: This day Sir Kenh<e>lme Digby presented every one of us his discourse of the Vegetation of Plants: And Mr. Henshaw his history of Salt-peter & Gun-powder. I then assisted him to procure his place of French Secretary to the King, which he purchased of Sir Hen: de Vic: I went to that famous Physitian Sir Fr: Prujean who shewed me his Laboratorie, his other workhouse for turning & other Mechanics, also many excellent Pictures, especialy the Magdalen of Carrachio: some incomparable paisages don in distemper: He plaied to me likewise on the Polyphone, an Instrument having something of the Harp, Lute, Theorb &c: it was a sweete Instrument, by none known in England, or described by any Author, nor used but by this skillfull & learned Doctor: I returnd home:
15 I went to Tunbridge wells, to visite my Wife, who was there drinking the Waters.
17 Walking about the solitudes <not> far from our Lodging, I greately admired at the extravagant turnings, insinuations, & growthe of sertaine birch trees among the rocks:
18 ... This afternoone as I was at church and Dr. Burgh going into the Pulpet, I was called out, one of my horses having struck my Coach-man so as he remain'd as dead for a while; I caus'd him to be let bloud, & laying a Cere-cloth to his brest (much brused) & so after a weeke he recovered:
14. I presented my Fumifugium dedicated to his Majestie who was pleased I should publish it by his special Command; being much pleasd with it:
18: To Lond: This day was our Petition to his Majestie for his royal Graunt authorizing our Society to meete as a Corporation &c: with severall privileges, was read: An Experiment of flame in flame was tried: I went home:
22 Our Viccar on 26. Matt: 39: An exceeding sickly wet Autumne after a very wet summer:
1 I sailed this morning with his Majestie <on> one of his Yaachts (or Pleasure boates) Vessells newly known amongst us, til the Dut<c>h [E. India Comp.] presented that curious piece to the King, & very excellent sailing Vessels. It was on a Wager betweene his other new Pleasure boate, built fregate-like, & one of the Duke of Yorks, the wager 100 pounds. The race from Greenewich to Gravesend & back: The King lost it going, wind Contrary, but sav'd stakes returning: There were divers noble Person<s> & Lords on board: his Majestie sometimes steering himselfe: There attended his Barge & Kitchin boate: I brake fast this morning with the king, at returne in his smaller Vessell, he being pleasd to take me & onely foure more who were Noble-men with him: but dined in his Yacht, where we all Eate together with his Majestie.
In this passage his Majestie was pleasd to discourse to me about my Book inveing against
the nuisance of the Smoke of Lond: & proposing expedients how by removing those particulars I mention'd, it might be reformd; Commanding me to prepare a Bill, against the next session of Parliament; being (as he said) resolved to have something don in it: Then he discoursd to me of the improvement of Gardens & buildings (now very rare in England, comparatively to other Countries) and then commanded to me draw-up the Matter of fact happning at the bloudy Encounter which then had newly happn'd betweene the French & Spanish Ambassador neere the Tower, at the reception of the Sweds Ambassador contending for precedency; giving me order to consult Sir William Compton (Master of the Ordnance) to informe me what he knew of it; & with his favorite Sir Char: Berkeley [after: Earle of Falmoth:] (Cap: of the Dukes life-guard) then present with his Troope, & 3 foote Companies; with some other reflections and Instructions; to be prepard for a Declaration to take off the reports which went about of his Majesties partiality in this affaire, & of his Officers &c: Spectators rudenesse whilst the conflict lasted:
So I came home that night: & went  next morning to Lond, where from the Officers of the Towre, Sir William Compton, Sir Ch: Berkeley and others, who were attending at this Meeting of the Ambassadors 3 dayes before, having collected what I could; I drew up a narrative in vindication of his Majestie & carriage of his officers, & standersby &c: on Thursday, his Majestie sent one of the Pages of the Backstayrs for me, to waite on him with my papers, in his Cabinet, where was present onely Sir Henry Bennet (privy purse) [since Secretary of State & E. of Arlington & Lord Chamb:] when I read to his Majestie what I had drawn up: by the time I had read halfe a page, came in Mr. Secretary Morice with a large paper, desiring to speake with his Majestie who told him that he was now very buisy, & therefore order'd him to come againe some other time: The Secretary reply'd, what he had in his hand was of extraordinary importance: So the King rose up, & commanding me to stay, went aside to a Corner of the roome with the Secretary: after a while, the Secretary dispatchd, his Majestie returning to me at the Table, a letter was brought him from Madame out of France, this he read, & bid me proceede where I left off, which I did 'til I had ended all the narrative, to his majesties great satisfaction, and after I had inserted one or 2 more Clauses, in which his Majestie instructed me, commanded that it should that night be sent to the post-house, directed to the Lord Ambassador at Paris, which was the Earle of St. Albans: and then at leasure to prepare him a Copy, which he would publish: This I did, & immediately sent my papers to the Secretary of State; with his Majesties expresse command of dispatching them that night for France: Before I went out of his Majesties Closet, he cal'd me back, to shew me some Ivorie Statues, and other Curiosities that I had not seene before:
3: Next day Evening, being in the withdrawing roome next the Bed-chamber, his Majestie espying me came to me from a greate crowde of noblemen standing neere the fire, & asked me if I had don: told me, he fear'd it might be a little to sharp (on second thoughts) for he had that morning spoken with the French Ambassador who it seemes had palliated the matter, & was very tame; & therefore directed me where I should soften a period or two, before it were publish'd &c [(as afterward it was)]. This night also spake to me to give him a sight of what was sent, and to bring it to him in his Bed Chamber, which I did, & received it againe from him at dinner next day: By Saturday having finish'd it with all his Majesties notes, the King being gon abroad, I sent the papers to Sir Hen: Bennet (privy-Purse, & a greate favorite) and slip'd home, being my selfe much indisposs'd & harrass'd, with going about, & sitting up to write, &c:
29 I saw the Lord Major passe in his Water Triumph to Westminster being the first solemnity of this nature after 20 yeares:
31 I was this day <41> yeares of age: for which I render thanks to Almighty God, & implore his favour for the yeare to come.
15 I dind with the Duke of Ormond: his Grace told me there were no Moules in Ireland, nor any Ratts 'till of late, & that but in one County; but a mistake that Spiders would not live there; onely not poyson<ous>: Also that they frequently took Salmon with dogs:
16 I presented Naudaus concerning Liberaries to my Lord Chancelor; but it was miserably false printed:2
20 To Lond: the discourse was about a Vernish that should resist all Weathers, & preserve yron from rust; but fire would not dry it, nor boyling water fetch it off: ...
24 ... This night his Majestie fell into discourse with me Concerning Bees &c:
26: I saw Hamlet Pr: of Denmark played: but now the old playe began to disgust this refined age; since his Majestie being so long abroad:
3 By universal suffrage of our Philosophic Assembly, an order was made, & registred, that I should receive their Publique Thanks for the honorable mention I made of them by the name of Royal Society, in my Epistle Dedicatory to the Lord Chancellor, before my Traduction of Naudeus: Too greate an honour for a trifle:
4 I had much discourse with his highnesse the Duke of York concerning strang Cures. He affirmed that a Woman who swallow'd a whole Eare of Barly, had it worke out at her side. I told him of the knife swallow'd, & the pinns: &c: I tooke leave of the Bish: of Cap-Verde now going in the fleete to bring over our new Queene:
7: I din'd at Arundell house, the day when the greate contest in Parliament was concerning the restoring of the Duke of Norfolck; however 'twas carried for him. I also now presented my little trifle of Sumptuary Laws intitled Tyrannus:3
9 I went home, & next to Lond againe:
14: I saw Otter hunting with his Majestie & killed one:
16 Saw a French Comedy acted at White-hall:
18 At our Assembly, were divers new inventions & models for often shooting in Canon at once charging:
23 I heard an Italian play & sing to the Gitarr, with extraordinary skill before the Duke.
24 I returnd home to Says-Court:
25 The ill weather kept me from Church:
31 Setting my domestique affaires in order, & beging a blessing for the future Year I ended the present.
3 One of E's more curious pieces Tyrannus, or the mode is a would-be humorously xenophobic invective against the slavish pursuit of French fashions in Restoration England. Evelyn's own, annotated, copy survives at the Bodleian Library in Oxford, and has been issued in facsimile form, edited by J.L. Nevinson in 1951.
Continue to 1662