was born in Lincolnshire in northeast England, to a surgeon of Flemish origin. At 15 he joined the navy and in 1791 sailed as a midshipman aboard H.M.S. Providence under the notorious Captain Bligh. In 1794 he joined his first ship, H.M.S. Bellerophon, which was victorious in battle against the French at Brest. In 1795 he sailed to Australia, where he and fellow navigator George Bass explored and mapped the area of Port Jackson, New South Wales. Flinders married in 1801 and set sail again to Australia as captain of H.M.S. Investigator. Returning in 1803, he was detained on Mauritius by the French until 1810. He spent his final years, dogged by ill health, writing A voyage to Terra Australis and died in 1814.
was the stepdaughter of the Reverend W. Tyler, rector of Brothertoft in Lincolnshire, England. Her own father had died at sea. She must have formed an attachment to Matthew Flinders before he sailed to Australia in 1795, as he named a group of islands off the coast of Tasmania the Chappell[e] Isles. They married on April 17, 1801. Three months later, the Admiralty refused her permission to sail with Flinders to Australia. She did not see her husband again for almost 10 years. From October 1810 until Flinders' death in 1814, they lived in London. A daughter, Anne, was born in 1812, the future mother of Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie, the famous archeologist and Egyptologist.