John Winchcombe(2). (c.1489 - 1557)

The son and heir of Jack of Newbury.

It may well be that much of
Thomas Deloney's descriptions  of Jack of Newbury's flourishing Clothing factory is based on this John's activities.  The Winchcombe factory was  reknowned for the production of a coarse woollen cloth known as Kersey. Cromwell ordered 100 pieces of the cloth in 1539 and it was  declared in 1544 that Winchcombe  kerseys would "make great  heaps of money at Antwerp".
John(2) certainly made "great  heaps of money". He was  more eminent     than his father and  very prosperous. He was an M.P. for Reading and for Cricklade in Wiltshire.He  accumulated estates and property  which included the Manors of Farnborough (1542), East Locking  and West Gringe  (1546) and, more importantly Bucklebury in  Berkshire which included Thatcham alias Henwick and Cookham This  latter Manor was granted to him in 1540 by Henry VIII following the Dissolution. He instigated the building of the Manor House in Bucklebury but  he never got to live there  before his death in 1557.  His son and heir, John(3) was the  first of the Winchcombes to take up residence  there and the Lords of the Manor continue in residence here although no longer bearing the name of Winchcombe.  The original  Manor  House  was destroyed by fire.
John(2) and his father were responsible for the building of Newbury Parish Church and John was buried there but his memorial inscription has been lost. In  1539/40 when
Miles Coverdale was based in Newbury, engaged (underCromwell) in the suppressing of papal books, John(2) acted as his confidential messenger to Cromwell. A  message  from Coverdale to Cromwell mentions "good Mr  Wynchcombe" to whom, "for his true  heart towards the  King's highness and love towards your Lordship, I might utter right secret things." He was granted a coat of arms in his latter  years which is shown in his portrait dated 1550 "Azure,a chevron engrailed with 3 cinquefoils thereon between 3 lapwings
and a chief checked with a fleur-de-lys between 2 spearheads"
John married Joan Careage(?) by whom he had 4 or 5 children  - Amy (and or Anne), Henry, Thomas and John(3). Joan died in 1549 and he married again to Christian Verney. Christian had  already been widowed twice from her marriages to John Hancock and John Verney. She was to be widowed again when  John(2) died in 1557. I have not explored whether she  continued with her attachment  to more 'Johns' -  an attachment  which appears to have been habit-forming. At least she was never likely to have cried out the wrong name     at important  moments!
John(2)'s Will is some 12 pages long with numerous legacies  to children,   grandchildren, godchildren, servants, friends ….
His godson was
Anthony Bridges, presumably from the  family of Lord  Chandos of Sudely Castle in  Winchcombe, Gloucestershire.

A note on the connection with the Verney family - John Goddard of Water Eaton in Wiltshire married  Mary Winchcombe and, in his Will dated 1560,  mentions "John  Wynsecome, my brother". More exactly this John Wynsecome is the testator's brother-in-law and is the grandson of John(1) (Jack of Newbury) and Mary Winchcombe Jack's great granddaughter. Henry, John(2)'s son was Mary's father.  John Goddard's father, Vincent married a daughter of Sir Thomas Verney from which family, perhaps, sprang  John Verney to whom Christian was married.The Chandos family is also mentioned in this Will with a reference  to money owing to John Goddard by Lady Chandos.  The families stuck together it seems….a scion of the same Goddard family also   married into the Winchcombe family.
John Winchcombe c.1489 - 1557
1. Jack of Newbury
2. Third Generation
3. Thomas 1520-1574
Can you solve the mystery?
4. Fourth Generation
The Ghost of Noke
5. Fifth Generation
6. Sixth Generation
7. Seventh Generation
The Boleyn Connection
8. Eighth & Ninth Generations
9. Genealogical Site Ring
10.Really Useful Stuff (Links)
11.The Gloucestershire Winchcombes
12.Nathaniel Winchcombe 1757-1817
Will of John Winchcombe 1557
Will of John Goddard 1560
Bucklebury a Bershire Parish (A L Humphrey)
Victoria History of Berkshire
Victoria History of Wiltshire
Berkshire R.O. Doc. ref. D/QR4/2
Newbury Museum
Newbury Parish Church
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